Self-efficacy is an individual’s belief in his/her/their own ability to attain a certain goal. Our beliefs about competence and confidence to achieve influence our achievement. So, what can influence the development of our self-efficacy? I made a visual summary of the four factors that we have control over to make our students grow their self-efficacy.
The visual is taking a positive outlook, however, the factors can also be negatively impacting self-efficacy. This table contrast the influences:
One may increase or decrease self-efficacy in four different ways:
|Factors||Increases self-efficacy||Decreases self-efficacy|
|Mastery experience||I was successful in the past so I can be in the present/future.||I failed in the past so I can’t be in the present/future.|
|Vicarious experience||If others around me can do it, I can do it.||If others around me can’t do it, I can’t do it.|
|Verbal and social persuasions||Others encourage me, so I can do it.||Others discourage me, so I can’t do it.|
|Emotional and physiological states||I am in a safe social and emotional learning environment so I can succeed.||I am in a stressful environment, so I can’t succeed.|
What does this mean in terms of intentionally co-constructing healthy learning ecosystems? What might be some of the practices we want to let go of and let come of? How might we create the most optimal conditions for our learners to raise their self-efficacy?
In Co-Constructing Healthy Learning Ecosystems, we provide a whole-system experience for PK-12 schools to consider these questions and find ways to grow learners who are healthy, confident, resilient, successful and in control of their own learning.